Ancient Egypt Encyclopedia — Introduction to Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptian Timeline

Ancient Egyptian Timeline

Before 3100 BCE Predynastic Period Historic events Egypt divided into Upper and Lower Egypt Art movements Hieroglyphic writing created Two-dimensional imagery and symbolism established Grid system to regulate proportions established Painted pottery and figurines, ivory carvings, slate cosmetic palettes Relief design developed from drawing High quality and richly designed ceramics 3100-2686 BCE Early Dynastic Period, Dynasties 1-2 Historic events 3100 BCE - Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by the first pharaoh Menes Memphis is capital city The strong central government supports the work of scribes, sculptors, and other artists and encourages new artistic methods. Art movements The Step Pyramid...

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Ancient Egyptian Mythology

Ancient Egyptian Mythology

Egyptian God Osiris Photo by Ali Kalamchi   Egyptian mythology was the belief structure and underlying form of ancient Egyptian culture from at least c. 4000 BCE (as evidenced by burial practices and tomb paintings) to 30 BCE with the death of Cleopatra VII, the last ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt. Every aspect of life in ancient Egypt was informed by the stories which related the creation of the world and the sustaining of that world by the gods. Egyptian religion influenced other cultures through transmission via trade and became especially widespread after the opening of the Silk Road in 130 BCE as the Egyptian port city of Alexandria was an important commercial center. The significance of Egyptian mythology to other cultures was in its development...

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Ancient Egypt Government

Ancient Egypt Government

Photo by Kévin et Laurianne Langlais.       The government of ancient Egypt was a theocratic monarchy as the king ruled by a mandate from the gods, initially was seen as an intermediary between human beings and the divine, and was supposed to represent the gods' will through the laws passed and policies approved. The way in which the government worked changed slightly over the centuries, but the basic pattern was set in the First Dynasty of Egypt (c. 3150 - c. 2890 BCE). The king ruled over the country with a vizier as second-in-command, government officials, scribes, regional governors (known as nomarchs), mayors...

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Ancient Egyptian Culture

Ancient Egyptian Culture

Photo by Jeremy Zero   Culture Ancient Egyptian culture flourished between c. 6000 BCE with the rise of technology (as evidenced in the glasswork of faience) and 30 BCE with the death of Cleopatra VII, the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt. It is famous today for the great monuments which celebrated the triumphs of the rulers and honored the gods of the land. The Egyptian culture is often misunderstood as having been obsessed with death but, had this been so, it is unlikely it would have made the significant impression it did on other ancient cultures such as Greece and Rome. The Egyptian culture was, in fact,...

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Ancient Egyptian Religion

Ancient Egyptian Religion

Photo by Siddhesh Mangela Religion Egyptian religion was a combination of beliefs and practices which, in the modern day, would include Egyptian mythology, science, medicine, psychiatry, magic, spiritualism, herbology, as well as the modern understanding of 'religion' as belief in a higher power and a life after death. Religion played a part in every aspect of the lives of the ancient Egyptians because life on earth was seen as only one part of an eternal journey, and in order to continue that journey after death, one needed to live a life worthy of continuance. During one's life on earth, one...

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